War of Independence of 1942 :
Second World War was in progress. The relation among the friendly countries was
deteriorating day by day. The attack by Germany upon Russia brought some relief
to Britian. But the surpise attack on America by Japan also included America in
the war. Japan quickly overran the Philippines, Indo-China, Indonesia, Malaya
British Government now desperately wanted active support from the Indians in the
war effort. But it refused to accept Congress’s demand for the immediate
transfer of power. Therefore Congress had no other option but to launch protest.
All India Congress Committee met at Bombay in the first week of August 1942 and
thus passed the famous ‘Quit India Resolution’.
were filled with enthusiasm to oust the British. The agitation was severely
crushed by the British this time. It happened in Jabalpur also. All senior
leaders including Govind Das ji were arrested. The other leaders were Kunjilal
Dubey, Beohar Rajendra Singh, Lakshmi Singh, Govind Prasad Tiwari and Narmada
Prasad Saraf. Though this time, Govind Das ji did not had much time to write but
completed his play ‘Karna’. Bhavani Prasad Tiwari and Govind Prasad Tiwari
composed the songs of the play. They decided to stage the play in jail. However,
it could not be staged.
incident took place during their stay, which brought all together. It was order
by the government to lock the political prisioners. All opposed it by not going
to their cells. Seeing the tough stand put up by the prisioners, the government
had no other option but to take back the orders. The following day, Govind Das
ji was shifted to Nagpur. It was here; he was associated with Acharya Vinobha
Bhave. During his stay he wrote 2 plays one historical based on SherShah Suri
while another titled ‘Pakistan’. The later came to be known as a forecast by
Govind Das ji for the coming into being of Pakistan as a nation.
to Vellore Jail:
of the Political prisoners from Nagpur were transferred to Vellore. Those
transferred included Vinobha Bhave, Kaka Kelkar, Beohar Rajendra Singh, Lakshmi
Singh Chauhan, Syed Ahmed and Govind Das ji.
his stay at Vellore jail, he wrote ‘Sneh ya Swarg’ based on Homer’s Iliad.
It was a poetical play. Prose composition under the title ‘Pashta Darshan’
was also composed, comprising of one character. As days passed by, he dedicated
most of his time to writing. One day, he received news about his father’s
illness. As a result of this, he was transferred to Jabalpur jail.
Vellore Jail to Jabalpur Jail:
the news about Govind Das ji’s coming to Jabalpur reached here and spread like
forest fire. His family went to Itarsi station to accompany him back to Jabalpur.
His second son, Jagmohan accompanied him from Nagpur. The following day, they
started for Jabalpur accompanied by family of Govind Das ji, his eldest son,
Manmohan and his son-in-law Lakshmi Chandra.
was brought to Jabalpur, due to the ill health of his father. At that time,
Superintendent of the Jail was Dr. Date while the Deputy Commissioner was
Nagendra Singh, younger brother of Sungarpur King, with whom Govind Das ji’s
family has good relation. They both acquainted them with the patrol condition.
Since Dr. Date knew about his refusal in Nagpur jail, for him it was not new,
when Govind Das ji refused the offer of release by the British Government.
repeated request he refused to be persuaded by the offer. The following day,
another proposal was put before him according to which the government would take
him to his father. After giving second thought to the proposal, he accepted it.
All preparations were made by the local administration to take him to Gokul Das
Palace. On reaching home, Govind Das ji saw, a frail old man lying on bed. He
could not recognise his father. His illness had weakened him. Moreover, it was
separation for his only son that had contributed a lot towards his falling
health. The meeting was short. But during the period, Jeevan Das ji made it
clear that even if he dies, his body would not be cremated. His pyre would be
lit by him, only by him. For he said if he (Govind Das Ji) could by adamant on
his word, then he can also, for he was his father.
to Damoh Jail:
was not long when, British government decided to shift Govind Das ji from
Jabalpur to Damoh. Later, he came to know that for his refusal of patrol, the
government had take up the decision. Though Damoh was not so far as Vellore is
from Jabalpur. It was due to his father, the government had adopted such a
was here, he penned down his first novel, ‘Indumati’. The story of the novel
takes place during the 1916. It’s a psychological biography. Govind Das ji
before writing down any work prepared a synopsis. But when he wrote this work
every day new things were added and as result the novel comprises of 933 pages.
for some critics believed that some of the historical accounts in the novel
could be shortened or dropped altogether. While some believe the opposite.
Shantipriya Dwivedi described the novel as encyclopaedia of human life.
programme after his release :
his release, he was all set down to follow a set programme to initiate his
political work. During his stay in Jail, he had decided to take out the
publication ‘Nav Bharat’ with the assistance from Ramgopal ji from Nagpur.
Previously, a Private Limited company managed all the affairs regarding its
publication. Govind Das ji entrusted upon Ramgopal ji and his second son
Jagmohan. As result of this, in later course of time, it came out under the name
after he had resigned after the Tripuri session, therefore with others, he was
again selected as member of Regional Congress committee. He was elected
unopposed. It was 7 years, since he again came back to the committee.